TMJ Pain| Are You Worried About Having 1 Of The Symptoms?

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint)
Temporomandibular Joint



TMJ Syndrome Symptoms & Treatment 


Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder of the jaw muscles and nerves caused by injury or inflammation to the temporomandibular joint. 

The temporomandibular joint is the connection between the jawbone and the skull. The injured or inflamed temporomandibular joint leads to pain with chewing, clicking, crackling, and popping of the jaw.

Millions of individuals experience discomforting, excruciating jaw pain and it can occur for a number of reasons.

For many TMJ symptoms can be unbearable TMJ dysfunction is one of the most common reasons.

It can, in various ways, affect one's entire upper body. We will discuss specific TMJ symptoms below.

TMJ dysfunction is characterized by pain, deviation and clicking in the jaw.

The dysfunction occurs between the lower jaw and the temporal bone of the skull joint. 

With cases of TMJ dysfunction, something causes the jaw to shift to one side.

Generally, it shifts toward the damaged jaw joint. However, after some time, the side of the jaw without problems becomes damaged due to over-use and over compensation. 

    What are TMJ Syndrome symptoms ? 


Many of the individuals with this TMJ problems, have the following symptoms

▪︎ Pain in the ear
▪︎ Jaw muscles that are sore     
• Pain in the cheek and temple
• Popping or clicking in the jaw
• The jaw locking up
• Headaches and neckaches
• Difficulity in fully opening one's mouth
• Tingling in the arms, fingers as well as numbness and pain
• Difficulties in swallowing
• Eyes watering
• Hearing buzzing, roaring, and ringing sounds


   What are causes of TM joint Pain ? 


▪︎Arthritis
▪︎Dislocation
▪︎Injury
▪︎Tooth and jaw alignment
▪︎Stress and teeth grinding   

  What is the protocol for TMJ pain treatment ? 


In some cases, the symptoms of TMJ disorders may go away without treatment. tm joint pain

If your symptoms persist, your doctor may recommend a variety of treatment options, often more than one to be done at the same time. 

Medications
Along with other nonsurgical treatments, these medication options may help relieve the pain associated with TMJ disorders:

Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories. If over-the-counter pain medications aren't enough to relieve TMJ pain, your doctor or dentist may prescribe stronger pain relievers for a limited time, such as prescription strength ibuprofen.

Tricyclic antidepressants:
These medications, such as amitriptyline, are used mostly for depression, but in low doses, they're sometimes used for pain relief, bruxism control and sleeplessness.

Muscle relaxants:
 These types of drugs are sometimes used for a few days or weeks to help relieve pain caused by TMJ disorders created by muscle spasms.


Nondrug therapies for TMJ disorders include:

Oral splints or mouth guards (occlusal appliances):
Often, people with jaw pain will benefit from wearing a soft or firm device inserted over their teeth, but the reasons why these devices are beneficial are not well-understood.

Physical therapy:
Along with exercises to stretch and strengthen jaw muscles, treatments might include ultrasound, moist heat and ice.

Counseling :
Education and counseling can help you understand the factors and behaviors that may aggravate your pain, so you can avoid them. Examples include teeth clenching or grinding, leaning on your chin, or biting fingernails.

Surgical or other procedures:

When other methods don't help, your doctor might suggest procedures such as:

● Arthrocentesis
Arthrocentesis (ahr-throe-sen-TEE-sis) is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the insertion of small needles into the joint so that fluid can be irrigated through the joint to remove debris and inflammatory byproducts.

● Injections
In some people, corticosteroid injections into the joint may be helpful. Infrequently, injecting botulinum toxin type A (Botox, others) into the jaw muscles used for chewing may relieve pain associated with TMJ disorders.

● TMJ arthroscopy 
In some cases, arthroscopic surgery can be as effective for treating various types of TMJ disorders as open-joint surgery. A small thin tube (cannula) is placed into the joint space, an arthroscope is then inserted and small surgical instruments are used for surgery. TMJ arthroscopy has fewer risks and complications than open-joint surgery does, but it has some limitations as well.

● Modified condylotomy 
Modified condylotomy (kon-dih-LOT-uh-mee) addresses the TMJ indirectly, with surgery on the mandible, but not in the joint itself. It may be helpful for treatment of pain and if locking is experienced.

● Open-joint surgery 
If your jaw pain does not resolve with more-conservative treatments and it appears to be caused by a structural problem in the joint, your doctor or dentist may suggest open-joint surgery (arthrotomy) to repair or replace the joint. However, open-joint surgery involves more risks than other procedures do and should be considered very carefully, after discussing the pros and cons. [1]

If your doctor recommends surgery or other procedures, be sure to discuss the potential benefits and risks.

TMJ symptoms and dysfunction can have a huge, negative impact on one's life. 

For this reason, many individuals consider TMJ surgery or search out various TMJ exercises and therapies. 

There are many simple TMJ exercises that can be performed in the comfort of one's home, in order to alleviate most TMJ symptoms. 

You will just need to do a little bit of research, separate the good ideas from the comical and then commit to what you find. 

There is hope and there are available effective therapies, besides risky surgery.


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